|Students||Designed by Muhammad Shafique (Qosain Scientific), Sultan Abdul Wadood (FYP at EME, NUST) and Dr. Sabieh Anwar; testing and documentation by Shiraz Ahmad|
|Supplementary Materials||Read about Physlock: design, test waveforms, theory of operation|
The design of a simple, entry level low-cost, stand-alone lock-in amplier is described. The instrument is useful for detecting and amplifying signals that are frequency synchronized with a reference signal. It is particularly important for detecting and measuring small signals in the presence of large noise. The design is based on a modulator/demodulator integrated circuit and uses a minimum number of components to accomplish input amplication, phase-sensitive detection, low-pass filtering, and dc amplication of the output signal.
Physlock is based on the integrated circuit AD630 and will be helpful in teaching students about low-level signal detection which is commonplace in numerous tasks in the experimental physics laboratory. It can also be used in the research laboratory (see specs below).
- Power 220 V, 50 Hz
- Reference signal amplitude > 1 V
- Dynamic Range 60 dB to 70 dB
- DC gains 1x or 10x
- AC input gains 1x, 50x, 100x, 500x, 1000x, 2000x, 5000x
- Low pass filter time constants 1 s, 0.1 s, 10 ms, 0.1 ms, 10 us
- Form of input signal Low frequency (< 1 KHz) periodic signal
(square to sine converter is also provided).